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Using Themes


To render NewsKit components you must have a theme available for them to utilise. You can use your own theme, or use one of the two NewsKit defaults - NewsKit light and NewsKit dark. Details on how to create your theme can be found here.

Setting a theme

NewsKitProvider & ThemeProvider components

NewsKitProvider provides a single wrapper to configure your application which includes ThemeProvider, MediaQueryProvider, InstrumentationProvider and LayerOrganizer.

A ThemeProvider utilises a React Context to provide a theme to all NewsKit components descended under it. You pass your theme (or a NewsKit default) to the theme prop. This will typically be an uncompiled theme, but you can pass a pre-compiled theme if you wish.

The theme provided is then available to any NewsKit component under it. The theme is also used by any custom styled components created using the styled function exported from NewsKit.

ThemeProvider's can also be nested - allowing the child to override the parent theme. This will only cause a shallow merge of the child theme over the parent. To create a sub-theme which inherits from a base theme, see the createTheme documentation here.

ThemeProvider can be nested, however, we do NOT recommend nesting NewsKitProviders, as it can lead to unexpected behaviour. NewsKitProvider should only be used once per application on a very top level.

Reading a theme

As the example shows above, reading from a theme inside a styled component works as you would expect from Emotion. However, if you wish to read from the theme outside of a styled component, you have two options - a higher-order component and a React hook.

withTheme higher-order component

By wrapping your component in withTheme, the theme object will be passed into your component as a prop.

useTheme hook

The useTheme hook also allows you to access the theme, but helps avoid the extra "wrapper hell" that higher-order components bring.

Using CSS custom properties (variables)

NewsKit provides a way to expose the following tokens as CSS variables: borders, colors, overlays, motions, shadows, sizing, spacePresets and fonts.

Color tokens have prefix of color for example inkBase is --color-inkBase, the rest of the tokens are keeping their names like sizing020 is --sizing020.

In order to enable that functionality to your project, you need to add a prop exposeCssVariables to ThemeProvider, or pass it as themeOptions to NewsKitProvider as the example bellow:

1<NewsKitProvider theme={yourTheme} themeOptions={{exposeCssVariables: true}}>
2  Main theme context
3  <ThemeProvider theme={yourSubTheme} exposeCssVariables>Sub-theme context</ThemeProvider>

Exposing CSS variables will add aditional div element to your HTML